007 Zig-Zag chair, c.1932 / ジグザグチェアとその背景

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007 Zig-Zag, 1932, Early Modernist chairs

How to assemble Zig-Zag chair / ジグザクチェアの組み立て方

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Zig-Zag chair
Designed by Gerrit Rietveld, c.1932
Oak with brass fittings

Primarily an architect, Rietveld also designed several important and iconic pieces of furniture, such as the famous Red-Blue chair of 1923, the Crate furniture of 1934, and the aluminium chair of 1942.

Rietveld’s startlingly minimal Zig-Zag design from 1932 is an exercise in purity of form.  He said that it wasn’t a chair, rather ‘a little partition in space’.  He was clearly pleased with it since, from 1933, he used the design in many of his architectural models of interiors for clients.

There were various prototype attempts, since being constructed simply from four rectangles of solid wood joined at difficult angles created significant structural challenges.  There was a bent plywood version which tended to break, and a version with iron reinforcements on the sides.  In the first production version made by Metz & Co., which we have used as a pattern, the almost right-angle of the back was joined with dovetail joints, whilst the acute angles were bolted and glued together with reinforcing fillets in the corners to add structural stability.  Perhaps part of the appeal of the design is its apparent fragility.

There were later variations with arms and even an upholstered seat, as well as a lounge chair version.

The interior in which the chair sits is inspired by Rietveld’s beautiful and revolutionary Schröder House, designed in 1924 for Truus Schröder, and situated in the Dutch city of Utrecht.

ジグザグチェア
デザイナー:ヘリット・リートフェルト、1932年頃
ブナ材、真鍮の金具

リートフェルトは1923年の『Red-Blue』や 1934年のクレート家具、1942年のアルミニウムの椅子など、前衛的で時代を象徴するデザインを数多く残した建築家です。

同時代に見られたスタイルと比べて格段にミニマルなジグザグチェアは、リートフェルト自身が「椅子ではなく、空間を仕切るもの」と呼んだように、純粋な形の追求として1932年頃から構想され、さまざまな建築プロジェクトに使われました。

4つの矩形が繋げられた形はシンプルですが、そのぶん構造的には難しく、成形合板で一体化したものや木の内部に金具を埋め込んだものなど、いろいろな補強のバージョンが試されてます。この紙模型で参照しているのはオランダのMetz & Co.社から最初に発売されたタイプで、背と座は鳩尾継ぎ、鋭角の継ぎには補助部材が内側から貼られ、ボルトも使われて加重を支えています。この、座っても大丈夫?と一瞬躊躇するような外見が、魅力のひとつであることは間違いありません。

のちに、構造を助けるひじ掛けつきのアームチェアや背の角度が開いたラウンジチェア、座面に張り地のついたものなどもデザインされました。

ジグザグチェアが置かれた室内は、椅子よりは早く1924年にデザインされユトレヒトに建てられたシュレーダー邸のキッチン・ダイニングを参考にしています。

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We have launched this model in September 2016.

この紙模型は2016年9月に発売になりました。

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Zig-Zag chair in Cassina website
Zig-Zag chair in Vitra Design Museum website

カッシーナのHPでのジグザグチェア
ヴィトラデザインミュージアムのコレクション解説

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The following images are our test prototypes of models.

以下は、紙模型を開発した時の試作品です。

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Posted by

A furniture, product and interior designer, leading t.n.a. Design Studio, based in East London. An weekend cyclist and stamp collector.

6 thoughts on “007 Zig-Zag chair, c.1932 / ジグザグチェアとその背景”

    • In our current plan, we are releasing the Zig-Zag chair model in February 2016. Thank you for being interested in our project.

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      • hennyportman says:

        Dear Tomoko Azumi,
        I wish you a lot of a success with the development of the Zig Zag chair. I am looking foreard to the result.
        Best regards
        Henny

        Like

      • hennyportman says:

        Dear Tomoko, thanks for informing me. I just ordered the zig-zag chair! Warm regards Henny

        Like

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